A balanced diet is one which contains different types of foods in such quantities and proportions so that the need for calories, proteins minerals, vitamins and other nutrients are adequately met. A small provision is made for extra nutrients to withstand short duration weakness. Everyone should know about the requirements/needs of body in terms of nutrients/energy and on the basis of this daily diet should be planned. Our diet requirements can be defined in to 4 groups namely: Adult Men, Adult Women, Small Childs and Teenagers.
The daily requirement of individual diet depends upon growth status (age, sex, height and weight), physical activity and physical stress or illness keeping in view the recommendation of the nutrition expert group of the ICMR for dietary allowances.
A balanced diet has a major role in achieving long healthy life.
- It helps in controlling body weight, heart rate and BP.
- Increase in exercise capacity and muscle performance.
- Improves blood sugar, lowers harmful cholesterol and triglycerides and increases the beneficial HDL cholesterol.
- Produces mental and physical relaxation.
Balanced diet for different age groups is presented below:
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